Gender Directorate



Sharifa ArmanGBR Data Analyst-MOPH



INTRODUCTION  This report provides information on incidents of Gender-Based Violence (GBV) reported through Family Protection Centers (FPCs).  FPCs are part of the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) health sector response to GBV; a program implemented since November 2013 across 21 provinces of Afghanistan which will conclude in March 2018. The Gender Directorate of the MoPH is responsible for gathering, maintaining and analyzing data related to GBV reported through Afghanistan’s health sector.  Furthermore, the MoPH Gender Directorate also ensure the security and protection of the sensitive data concerning GBV.  It is important to highlight that the data and trends noted in this report cannot be considered as representational of the prevalence of GBV in Afghanistan.  The trends and data stated in this report are based exclusively on the incidents reported by survivors to health sector professionals, particularly through the FPCs. Although the Gender Based Violence Information Management System (GBVIMS) tools are implemented in this reporting mechanism, it is not advisable to use these findings as a proxy of GBV prevalence in Afghanistan. Taking into account these points above, it is worth noting that the GBV data in this report is considered the highest quality GBV incident data currently available to the GBV actors in Afghanistan, often informing GBV prevention and response programs.  The data has been collected using the ethical and safety recommendations of WHO, where the safety, respect, dignity and consent of GBV survivors is consider at every step.  These WHO recommendations also allow service providers to better understand the GBV cases being reported so they can act to the best of their ability in the best interest of the survivor. CONTEXT GBV is a serious human rights and public health issue that cuts across ethnic, cultural, religious, age and class divides. The prevalence of GBV remains high in Afghanistan; According to Afghanistan’s Demographic Health Survey (AfDHS), %53 ,2015 of ever-married women have suffered from spousal violence (%46 physical abuse, %6 sexual abuse and %34 emotional abuse. Other studies, such as the Global Right Survey conducted in 2018, state that 87.2 % of Afghan women reported experiencing at least one form of physical, sexual or psychological violence or forced marriage in their lifetime. Furthermore %16 of women aged 49-15 reported that they have experienced violence during pregnancy.